Patient-Blood-Management
Challenge 5
Patient Blood Management

Anemia is a condition marked by a deficiency of red blood cells (RBC) or of hemoglobin (Hb), which is the protein present in red blood cells that allows for the transport of oxygen through the body. Due to the lack of oxygen, a patient can experience fatigue, pale skin, dizziness, nausea, and many other symptoms. RBC transfusions are administered to patients during active bleeding, chronic blood loss or poor production in order to increase the body’s oxygen carrying capacity. Despite the perceived benefit, many RBC transfusions have been deemed unnecessary resulting in risk or harm and defined as “overuse”.

Executive summary checklist

Patient Blood Management (PBM) is the timely application of evidence-based medical and surgical concepts designed to manage anemia. Optimize hemostasis and minimize blood loss in order to improve patient outcomes. PBM strives to return to the ‘medical model’ where the clinician identifies the disease first and then looks for the
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