Actionable Patient Safety Solutions (APSS)

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (pedVAP/PVAP)
22B Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

The Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia APSS Blueprint outlines actionable steps healthcare organizations should take to successfully implement and sustain improvements in order to reduce ventilator-related pneumonia morbidity and mortality. Actionable steps to improve ventilator-associated pneumonia rates and summaries of available evidence-based practice protocols are included:

  • Leadership checklist guide to determine whether current evidence-based guidelines are being followed in your organization
  • Performance improvement plan to follow if improvements are necessary
  • Clinical workflow for ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention, recognition, and treatment
  • Knowledge base on early detection and treatment of  ventilator-associated pneumonia 
  • How to educate patients and family members about ventilator-associated pneumonia  prevention, recognition, and treatment
  • Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia resource guide
  • Guidance on how to measure outcomes

The Blueprint is revised annually and is available free of charge on our website.

Hospitals who make a formal commitment to improve ventilator-associated pneumonia infection rates and share their successes on the PSMF website have access to an additional level of consulting services.

Executive summary

The Problem Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is the leading cause of death associated with healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) (IHI, 2012). With 300,000 cases of VAP annually in the U.S., this preventable illness is estimated to cost $50,000 per patient (Fraser et al., 2008). In addition to being the second most common nosocomial infection

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