Patient-Blood-Management
Patient Blood Management

Anemia is a condition marked by a deficiency of red blood cells (RBC) or of hemoglobin (Hb), which is the protein present in red blood cells that allows for the transport of oxygen through the body. Due to the lack of oxygen, a patient can experience fatigue, pale skin, dizziness, nausea, and many other symptoms. RBC transfusions are administered to patients during active bleeding, chronic blood loss or poor production in order to increase the body’s oxygen carrying capacity. Despite the perceived benefit, many RBC transfusions have been deemed unnecessary resulting in risk or harm and defined as “overuse”.

Executive summary

The Problem 1 in 10 in-patients receive at least one unit of blood, making red blood cell (RBC) transfusions one of the most common procedures for hospitals in the US and Europe (Cost et al., 2009). This frequency, coupled with the use of transfusions to manage anemia, a condition impacting 1

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